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Saturday, March 1, 2014

SkyBlue's Activity Hub: ESSAY and ESSAY WRITING

An essay is a short piece of writing that discusses, describes or analyzes one topic. It can discuss a subject directly or indirectly, seriously or humorously. It can describe personal opinion, or just report information. Essays are written for different purposes and for different occasions. 

An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse".[1] It is difficult to define the genre into which essays fall. Aldous Huxley, a leading essayist, gives guidance on the subject.[2] He notes that "[l]ike the novel, the essay is a literary device for saying almost everything about almost anything, usually on a certain topic. By tradition, almost by definition, the essay is a short piece, and it is therefore impossible to give all things full play within the limits of a single essay". He points out that "a collection of essays can cover almost as much ground, and cover it almost as thoroughly, as can a long novel"--he gives Montaigne's Third Book as an example. Huxley argues on several occasions that "essays belong to a literary species whose extreme variability can be studied most effectively within a three-poled frame of reference". Huxley's three poles are:

  • Personal and the autobiographical essays: these use "fragments of reflective autobiography" to "look at the world through the keyhole of anecdote and description".
  • Objective and factual: in these essays, the authors "do not speak directly of themselves, but turn their attention outward to some literary or scientific or political theme".
  • Abstract-universal: these essays "make the best ... of all the three worlds in which it is possible for the essay to exist". This type is also known as Giraffe Style Writing.
The word essay comes from the French infinitive word "essayer" or 'essais" which means "to try" or "to attempt". In English essay first meant "a trial" or "an attempt", and this is still an alternative meaning. The FrenchmanMichel de Montaigne (1533–1592) was the first author to describe his work as essays; he used the term to characterize these as "attempts" to put his thoughts into writing, and his essays grew out of his commonplacing.[3] Inspired in particular by the works of Plutarch, a translation of whose Oeuvres Morales (Moral works) into French had just been published by Jacques Amyot, Montaigne began to compose his essays in 1572; the first edition, entitled Essaiswas published in two volumes in 1580. For the rest of his life he continued revising previously published essays and composing new ones. Francis Bacon's essays, published in book form in 1597,1612, and 1625, were the first works in English that described themselves as essays. Ben Jonson first used the word essayist in English in 1609, according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
READ the ff. ESSAYS:
"Dissertation Upon A Roast Pig" by Charles Lambhttp://www.angelfire.com/nv/mf/elia1/pig.htm
"Of Studies" by Francis Baconhttp://grammar.about.com/od/60essays/a/studiesessay.htm

Friday, November 15, 2013

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Tuesday, July 16, 2013

PARTS OF A NEWSPAPER
*image from the internet
NEWS STORIES OR CURRENT NEWS give account of events that recently happened. They aim to keep the reader up-to-date on  political, economic, cultural and other events.  It is generally the first section in any major daily newspaper. The news are split into local news and international /foreign news.

EDITORIAL is an article expressing the stand or opinion of the editor or publisher on the hottest news or a current issue.


An EDITORIAL SECTION of the newspaper is where writers are allowed to present their opinions and persuasive articles.  They can take the forms of:
Staff Editorials: These are pieces written by staff writers and published unsigned and that they should be perceived as the collective opinion of the newspaper itself.
SIGNED EDITORIALS are published by individual reporters and published with a by-line.  They are meant to be taken as the opinion of that individual writer.

FEATURE STORY is a type of a news story that is written from the angle of human interest.  Sometimes called "soft news", this section contains more light-hearted pieces to entertain, inform, or instruct readers on things they will enjoy. Such pieces include:
entertainment; human interest, music, television or play reviews; celebrity interviews, social columns about parties and events of the "hoi polloi", advice columns and comic strips.

COLUMNS express the writer's views on any issue or issues.



BUSINESS NEWS reports on the status of different businesses and industries.

SPORTS NEWS gives the results of national and international sports competitions/games and their advance reports and schedules.  This also includes news on sports celebrities.



READERS' OPINIONS includes the readers' comments & opinions sent to the newspaper publisher or editor-in-chief.  Most publishers allot at least a half page for the readers' opinions.


OTHER DETAILS:  ears, dateline, jumpline, index, deck, graphic, cut,cutline, by-line, photo credit.